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Steel & Metal Manufacturing(钢铁及金属制造业)

The Steel & Metal Manufacturing sector smelts and/or refines ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgical and other process metallurgical techniques. Establishments in this sector also manufacture metal alloys and superalloys by introducing other chemical elements to pure metals. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling, drawing, and extruding operations to make sheet, strip, bar, rod, or wire, and in molten form to make castings and other basic metal products. Primary manufacturing of ferrous and nonferrous metals begins with ore or concentrate as the primary input. Establishments manufacturing primary metals from ore and/or concentrate remain classified in the primary smelting, primary refining, or iron and steel mill industries regardless of the form of their output. Establishments primarily engaged in secondary smelting and/or secondary refining recover ferrous and nonferrous metals from scrap and/or dross. The output of the secondary smelting and/or secondary refining industries is limited to shapes, such as ingot or billet, that will be further processed. Recovery of metals from scrap often occurs in establishments that are primarily engaged in activities, such as rolling, drawing, extruding, or similar processes.

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总就业人数相关人数

Welders Cutters Solderers and Brazers 23,550
Rolling Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 18,240
Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 17,980
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 17,980
Maintenance and Repair Workers General 17,970
Molding Coremaking and Casting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 14,340
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 14,120
Industrial Machinery Mechanics 13,470
Inspectors Testers Sorters Samplers and Weighers 12,460
Helpers--Production Workers 12,370
Cutting Punching and Press Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 11,930
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 10,250
Pourers and Casters Metal 10,030
Foundry Mold and Coremakers 9,820
Production Workers All Other 9,540
Grinding Lapping Polishing and Buffing Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 9,110
Industrial Engineers 8,620
Team Assemblers 8,360
Machinists 8,070
Accountants and Auditors 7,860
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand 7,690
Mechanical Engineers 6,450
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 6,320
Crane and Tower Operators 6,280
Engineering Technicians Except Drafters All Other 5,980
Grinding and Polishing Workers Hand 5,930
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators Metal and Plastic 5,850
Electricians 5,800
Customer Service Representatives 5,620
General and Operations Managers 5,510
Shipping Receiving and Traffic Clerks 5,400
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Except Technical and Scientific Products 5,370
Heat Treating Equipment Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 5,360
Business Operations Specialists All Other 4,970
Multiple Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 4,950
Engineers All Other 4,680
Maintenance Workers Machinery 4,030
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics Installers and Repairers 3,900
Tool and Die Makers 3,760
Production Planning and Expediting Clerks 3,640
Office Clerks General 3,190
Packers and Packagers Hand 2,550
Millwrights 2,480
Bookkeeping Accounting and Auditing Clerks 2,470
Milling and Planing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 2,440
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians 2,430
Forging Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 2,370
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,310
Furnace Kiln Oven Drier and Kettle Operators and Tenders 2,250
Metal Workers and Plastic Workers All Other 2,220
Materials Engineers 2,120
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 2,100
Machine Feeders and Offbearers 2,090
Billing and Posting Clerks 1,980
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive 1,980
Chief Executives 1,980
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 1,980
Purchasing Agents Except Wholesale Retail and Farm Products 1,960
Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 1,890
Patternmakers Metal and Plastic 1,830
Janitors and Cleaners Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,560
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers Laborers and Material Movers Hand 1,560
Coating Painting and Spraying Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 1,530
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 1,410
Industrial Engineering Technicians 1,370
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 1,370
Molders Shapers and Casters Except Metal and Plastic 1,350
Tool Grinders Filers and Sharpeners 1,110
Plumbers Pipefitters and Steamfitters 1,020
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,010
Refractory Materials Repairers Except Brickmasons 960
Plating and Coating Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 900
Electrical and Electronics Repairers Commercial and Industrial Equipment 840
Security Guards 840
Computer Systems Analysts 820
Mechanical Engineering Technicians 820
Logisticians 780
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 760
Receptionists and Information Clerks 710
Separating Filtering Clarifying Precipitating and Still Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 690
Extruding Forming Pressing and Compacting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 690
Assemblers and Fabricators All Other 680
Coil Winders Tapers and Finishers 670
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 670
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 650
Human Resources Specialists 620
Computer User Support Specialists 620
Human Resources Assistants Except Payroll and Timekeeping 620
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 600
Welding Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 600
Chemical Technicians 590
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products 520
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 500
Life Physical and Social Science Technicians All Other 480
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 440
Crushing Grinding and Polishing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 430
Cleaning Washing and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 430
Compensation Benefits and Job Analysis Specialists 420
Cost Estimators 420
Environmental Engineers 400
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 380
Mechanical Drafters 360
Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics Except Engines 310
Electrical Engineers 300
Brickmasons and Blockmasons 300
Rail Yard Engineers Dinkey Operators and Hostlers 290
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 280
Model Makers Metal and Plastic 280
Compliance Officers 280
Chemists 280
Health and Safety Engineers Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 280
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 240
Carpenters 240
Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 230
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 230
Management Analysts 210
Procurement Clerks 210
Weighers Measurers Checkers and Samplers Recordkeeping 210
Conveyor Operators and Tenders 190
Electro-Mechanical Technicians 180
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 180
Operations Research Analysts 150
Heating Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 150
Electronics Engineers Except Computer 140
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 130
Computer Programmers 130
Installation Maintenance and Repair Workers All Other 120
Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 120
Training and Development Specialists 110
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 110
Civil Engineers 100
Environmental Engineering Technicians 90
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 90
Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators 90
Helpers--Installation Maintenance and Repair Workers 80
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 80
Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 80
Software Developers Applications 80
Layout Workers Metal and Plastic 70
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers Metal and Plastic 70
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians Including Health 60
Order Clerks 60
Hoist and Winch Operators 60
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 50
Financial Analysts 40
First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers All Other 40
Material Moving Workers All Other 40
Locomotive Engineers 30
Sheet Metal Workers 30
Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 30
Sales Engineers 30
Tank Car Truck and Ship Loaders 30
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职业名平均年薪平均时薪

Chief Executives £ 59.97 £ 124 734.68
General and Operations Managers £ 40.70 £ 84 659.28
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers £ 28.85 £ 60 004.95
Software Developers Applications £ 28.27 £ 58 790.08
Civil Engineers £ 28.01 £ 58 268.57
Electrical Engineers £ 27.46 £ 57 110.10
Computer Systems Analysts £ 26.26 £ 54 621.31
Management Analysts £ 25.74 £ 53 544.45
Environmental Engineers £ 25.62 £ 53 287.01
Materials Engineers £ 25.19 £ 52 386.64
Engineers All Other £ 24.90 £ 51 790.16
Health and Safety Engineers Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors £ 24.49 £ 50 932.91
Electronics Engineers Except Computer £ 24.46 £ 50 877.18
Industrial Engineers £ 24.24 £ 50 415.38
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products £ 24.21 £ 50 353.68
Mechanical Engineers £ 24.18 £ 50 299.94
Logisticians £ 23.52 £ 48 926.49
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Except Technical and Scientific Products £ 22.70 £ 47 213.33
Operations Research Analysts £ 22.67 £ 47 155.61
Financial Analysts £ 22.49 £ 46 776.75
Computer Programmers £ 22.35 £ 46 498.08
Network and Computer Systems Administrators £ 21.68 £ 45 108.05
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers £ 21.62 £ 44 959.42
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics Installers and Repairers £ 21.61 £ 44 945.49
Accountants and Auditors £ 21.23 £ 44 153.93
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists £ 20.88 £ 43 436.69
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists £ 20.77 £ 43 201.15
Business Operations Specialists All Other £ 20.73 £ 43 107.60
Chemists £ 20.19 £ 41 989.60
Sales Engineers £ 20.18 £ 41 966.38
Compensation Benefits and Job Analysis Specialists £ 19.77 £ 41 125.06
Human Resources Specialists £ 19.39 £ 40 332.84
Compliance Officers £ 19.18 £ 39 889.62
Plumbers Pipefitters and Steamfitters £ 19.16 £ 39 861.75
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers £ 18.84 £ 39 189.63
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers £ 18.52 £ 38 519.49
Purchasing Agents Except Wholesale Retail and Farm Products £ 18.51 £ 38 506.22
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators £ 18.39 £ 38 240.16
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians £ 18.33 £ 38 131.35
Training and Development Specialists £ 17.47 £ 36 333.92
First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers All Other £ 17.44 £ 36 286.82
Heating Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers £ 17.30 £ 35 988.24
Industrial Engineering Technicians £ 17.12 £ 35 600.76
Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators £ 17.03 £ 35 416.97
Electricians £ 16.74 £ 34 817.83
Electrical and Electronics Repairers Commercial and Industrial Equipment £ 16.73 £ 34 797.26
Brickmasons and Blockmasons £ 16.72 £ 34 778.02
Sheet Metal Workers £ 16.57 £ 34 462.19
Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators £ 16.45 £ 34 229.97
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers Laborers and Material Movers Hand £ 16.45 £ 34 216.03
Environmental Engineering Technicians £ 16.45 £ 34 212.05
Computer User Support Specialists £ 16.36 £ 34 035.56
Mechanical Engineering Technicians £ 16.23 £ 33 761.53
Millwrights £ 16.22 £ 33 748.26
Occupational Health and Safety Technicians £ 16.16 £ 33 598.31
Electro-Mechanical Technicians £ 16.14 £ 33 566.47
Cost Estimators £ 16.09 £ 33 466.28
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers £ 16.02 £ 33 314.34
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators £ 15.72 £ 32 690.65
Engineering Technicians Except Drafters All Other £ 15.69 £ 32 622.30
Industrial Machinery Mechanics £ 15.64 £ 32 526.10
Carpenters £ 15.53 £ 32 299.18
Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics Except Engines £ 15.50 £ 32 233.49
Mechanical Drafters £ 14.94 £ 31 069.05
Rail Yard Engineers Dinkey Operators and Hostlers £ 14.93 £ 31 051.80
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants £ 14.92 £ 31 027.25
Production Planning and Expediting Clerks £ 14.80 £ 30 793.04
Life Physical and Social Science Technicians All Other £ 14.66 £ 30 487.83
Tank Car Truck and Ship Loaders £ 14.48 £ 30 129.54
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 14.43 £ 30 017.40
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists £ 14.40 £ 29 963.66
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders £ 14.27 £ 29 688.31
Maintenance Workers Machinery £ 14.26 £ 29 656.46
Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators £ 14.21 £ 29 565.56
Crane and Tower Operators £ 14.08 £ 29 290.21
Installation Maintenance and Repair Workers All Other £ 14.03 £ 29 187.37
Model Makers Metal and Plastic £ 14.00 £ 29 114.38
Chemical Technicians £ 13.95 £ 29 021.49
Tool and Die Makers £ 13.85 £ 28 814.48
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians Including Health £ 13.79 £ 28 683.11
Maintenance and Repair Workers General £ 13.71 £ 28 524.53
Order Clerks £ 13.67 £ 28 430.98
Material Moving Workers All Other £ 13.62 £ 28 311.55
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers Metal and Plastic £ 13.57 £ 28 225.29
Customer Service Representatives £ 13.51 £ 28 095.24
Refractory Materials Repairers Except Brickmasons £ 13.40 £ 27 862.36
Rolling Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 13.25 £ 27 555.16
Patternmakers Metal and Plastic £ 13.19 £ 27 436.39
Heat Treating Equipment Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 12.98 £ 27 001.13
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers £ 12.94 £ 26 919.52
Locomotive Engineers £ 12.86 £ 26 752.32
Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders £ 12.81 £ 26 646.82
Machinists £ 12.80 £ 26 618.96
Human Resources Assistants Except Payroll and Timekeeping £ 12.75 £ 26 504.83
Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators £ 12.55 £ 26 108.73
Separating Filtering Clarifying Precipitating and Still Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 12.55 £ 26 100.10
Bookkeeping Accounting and Auditing Clerks £ 12.44 £ 25 877.16
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks £ 12.41 £ 25 816.79
Inspectors Testers Sorters Samplers and Weighers £ 12.29 £ 25 576.60
Coil Winders Tapers and Finishers £ 12.17 £ 25 313.85
Conveyor Operators and Tenders £ 12.09 £ 25 145.32
Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 12.08 £ 25 123.43
Multiple Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 11.93 £ 24 818.88
Forging Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 11.92 £ 24 799.64
Procurement Clerks £ 11.92 £ 24 800.97
Welders Cutters Solderers and Brazers £ 11.90 £ 24 751.87
Furnace Kiln Oven Drier and Kettle Operators and Tenders £ 11.67 £ 24 271.49
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators Metal and Plastic £ 11.65 £ 24 232.35
Weighers Measurers Checkers and Samplers Recordkeeping £ 11.64 £ 24 212.44
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters £ 11.64 £ 24 199.84
Milling and Planing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 11.55 £ 24 025.34
Pourers and Casters Metal £ 11.50 £ 23 917.85
Welding Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 11.45 £ 23 818.32
Billing and Posting Clerks £ 11.41 £ 23 727.42
Crushing Grinding and Polishing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 11.38 £ 23 673.02
Layout Workers Metal and Plastic £ 11.37 £ 23 640.51
Team Assemblers £ 11.29 £ 23 487.90
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 11.29 £ 23 479.94
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive £ 11.08 £ 23 051.98
Shipping Receiving and Traffic Clerks £ 10.96 £ 22 793.22
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators £ 10.89 £ 22 655.87
Assemblers and Fabricators All Other £ 10.85 £ 22 577.58
Molding Coremaking and Casting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 10.83 £ 22 522.51
Plating and Coating Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 10.74 £ 22 346.68
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 10.60 £ 22 052.09
Hoist and Winch Operators £ 10.54 £ 21 915.41
Production Workers All Other £ 10.50 £ 21 834.46
Cutting Punching and Press Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 10.49 £ 21 815.22
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand £ 10.34 £ 21 501.38
Coating Painting and Spraying Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 10.34 £ 21 492.76
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers £ 10.30 £ 21 427.07
Machine Feeders and Offbearers £ 10.27 £ 21 368.68
Office Clerks General £ 10.23 £ 21 279.77
Grinding Lapping Polishing and Buffing Machine Tool Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 10.03 £ 20 853.14
Metal Workers and Plastic Workers All Other £ 10.01 £ 20 810.01
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment £ 9.95 £ 20 697.88
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders £ 9.94 £ 20 672.01
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 9.91 £ 20 614.95
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers £ 9.91 £ 20 616.27
Foundry Mold and Coremakers £ 9.91 £ 20 606.32
Helpers--Installation Maintenance and Repair Workers £ 9.80 £ 20 389.36
Security Guards £ 9.74 £ 20 263.95
Helpers--Production Workers £ 9.71 £ 20 190.31
Grinding and Polishing Workers Hand £ 9.71 £ 20 191.63
Extruding Forming Pressing and Compacting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 9.63 £ 20 031.07
Molders Shapers and Casters Except Metal and Plastic £ 9.60 £ 19 964.72
Cleaning Washing and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders £ 9.59 £ 19 950.12
Tool Grinders Filers and Sharpeners £ 9.47 £ 19 688.70
Janitors and Cleaners Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners £ 9.26 £ 19 244.82
Receptionists and Information Clerks £ 9.06 £ 18 838.09
Packers and Packagers Hand £ 8.55 £ 17 778.48
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers £ 8.33 £ 17 317.35
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