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Publishing(出版)

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing newspapers, magazines, other periodicals, books, directories and mailing lists, and other works, such as calendars, greeting cards, and maps. These works are characterized by the intellectual creativity required in their development and are usually protected by copyright. Publishers distribute or arrange for the distribution of these works. Publishing establishments may create the works in-house, contract for, purchase, or compile works that were originally created by others. These works may be published in one or more formats, such as print and/or electronic form, including proprietary electronic networks. Establishments in this industry may print, reproduce, or offer direct access to the works themselves or may arrange with others to carry out such functions. Establishments that both print and publish may fill excess capacity with commercial or job printing. However, the publishing activity is still considered to be the primary activity of these establishments.

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总就业人数相关人数

Editors 56,320
Advertising Sales Agents 43,780
Customer Service Representatives 30,000
Reporters and Correspondents 29,100
Graphic Designers 23,410
Business Operations Specialists All Other 22,890
Writers and Authors 20,580
Printing Press Operators 15,130
Office Clerks General 14,480
Accountants and Auditors 13,200
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Except Technical and Scientific Products 11,280
Sales Representatives Services All Other 11,100
General and Operations Managers 9,400
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive 9,250
Bookkeeping Accounting and Auditing Clerks 8,510
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators Except Postal Service 7,050
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 7,010
Prepress Technicians and Workers 6,980
Computer Occupations All Other 6,890
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 6,730
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 6,700
Telemarketers 6,680
Driver/Sales Workers 6,530
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand 5,630
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 5,280
Desktop Publishers 5,120
Billing and Posting Clerks 5,010
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 4,690
Machine Feeders and Offbearers 4,390
Producers and Directors 4,320
Production Planning and Expediting Clerks 4,300
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 4,080
Art Directors 3,970
Packers and Packagers Hand 3,960
Photographers 3,860
Office and Administrative Support Workers All Other 3,790
Web Developers 3,720
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 3,590
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 3,530
Print Binding and Finishing Workers 3,130
Computer Systems Analysts 3,060
Computer User Support Specialists 2,920
Helpers--Production Workers 2,870
Order Clerks 2,820
Shipping Receiving and Traffic Clerks 2,790
Public Relations Specialists 2,610
Compliance Officers 2,590
Chief Executives 2,520
Data Entry Keyers 2,510
Software Developers Applications 2,440
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,290
Door-to-Door Sales Workers News and Street Vendors and Related Workers 2,270
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers Laborers and Material Movers Hand 2,220
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,210
Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,080
Bill and Account Collectors 2,070
Janitors and Cleaners Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,830
Maintenance and Repair Workers General 1,810
Computer Programmers 1,690
Management Analysts 1,640
Financial Analysts 1,620
Weighers Measurers Checkers and Samplers Recordkeeping 1,400
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,330
Database Administrators 1,310
Paper Goods Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 1,300
Technical Writers 1,240
Computer Operators 1,200
Production Workers All Other 1,180
Human Resources Specialists 1,110
Software Developers Systems Software 1,060
Couriers and Messengers 930
Computer Network Architects 900
Word Processors and Typists 870
Financial Specialists All Other 850
Multimedia Artists and Animators 850
Purchasing Agents Except Wholesale Retail and Farm Products 800
Information and Record Clerks All Other 780
Credit Authorizers Checkers and Clerks 720
Meeting Convention and Event Planners 660
Fine Artists Including Painters Sculptors and Illustrators 630
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 600
Sales and Related Workers All Other 600
Computer Network Support Specialists 600
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products 600
Logisticians 540
Training and Development Specialists 530
Compensation Benefits and Job Analysis Specialists 510
Switchboard Operators Including Answering Service 510
Human Resources Assistants Except Payroll and Timekeeping 490
Media and Communication Workers All Other 440
Lawyers 430
Retail Salespersons 430
Designers All Other 340
Statistical Assistants 320
Industrial Machinery Mechanics 310
Information Security Analysts 300
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 290
Machinists 280
Instructional Coordinators 280
Security Guards 260
Artists and Related Workers All Other 260
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 260
Maintenance Workers Machinery 260
Office Machine Operators Except Computer 250
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators 250
Cashiers 240
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 240
Librarians 230
Electricians 220
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics Installers and Repairers 210
File Clerks 210
Operations Research Analysts 200
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 190
Industrial Engineers 180
Inspectors Testers Sorters Samplers and Weighers 160
Fundraisers 140
Statisticians 120
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 120
Camera Operators Television Video and Motion Picture 120
Securities Commodities and Financial Services Sales Agents 120
Health and Safety Engineers Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 120
Credit Analysts 120
Broadcast News Analysts 110
Procurement Clerks 110
Budget Analysts 100
Cost Estimators 100
Interpreters and Translators 90
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 80
Dispatchers Except Police Fire and Ambulance 80
Electronics Engineers Except Computer 80
Radio and Television Announcers 70
Commercial and Industrial Designers 70
Wholesale and Retail Buyers Except Farm Products 60
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 60
Tour Guides and Escorts 60
First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers All Other 60
Material Moving Workers All Other 60
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 50
Paralegals and Legal Assistants 50
Archivists 50
Library Assistants Clerical 50
Assemblers and Fabricators All Other 50
Library Technicians 50
Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 50
Interior Designers 40
Demonstrators and Product Promoters 40
Correspondence Clerks 40
Broadcast Technicians 30
Electrical and Electronics Repairers Commercial and Industrial Equipment 30
Media and Communication Equipment Workers All Other 30
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职业名平均年薪平均时薪

Chief Executives £ 63.84 £ 132 792.89
Lawyers £ 52.17 £ 108 515.43
General and Operations Managers £ 39.63 £ 82 433.24
Software Developers Systems Software £ 30.74 £ 63 941.50
Computer Network Architects £ 30.68 £ 63 822.07
Software Developers Applications £ 29.45 £ 61 254.32
Management Analysts £ 29.33 £ 61 002.19
Electronics Engineers Except Computer £ 27.90 £ 58 029.71
Information Security Analysts £ 27.09 £ 56 351.06
Financial Analysts £ 26.16 £ 54 407.00
Database Administrators £ 25.15 £ 52 310.34
Art Directors £ 25.13 £ 52 283.80
Computer Systems Analysts £ 25.08 £ 52 164.37
Industrial Engineers £ 24.99 £ 51 985.23
Producers and Directors £ 24.69 £ 51 354.90
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers £ 24.16 £ 50 266.76
Financial Specialists All Other £ 24.01 £ 49 928.38
Budget Analysts £ 23.72 £ 49 337.86
Statisticians £ 23.34 £ 48 548.30
Computer Programmers £ 23.32 £ 48 501.85
Network and Computer Systems Administrators £ 23.08 £ 47 997.59
Operations Research Analysts £ 22.82 £ 47 460.16
Business Operations Specialists All Other £ 22.81 £ 47 440.25
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics Installers and Repairers £ 22.76 £ 47 340.73
Compliance Officers £ 22.35 £ 46 491.45
Accountants and Auditors £ 22.12 £ 46 013.73
Paralegals and Legal Assistants £ 21.68 £ 45 084.83
Computer Occupations All Other £ 21.60 £ 44 932.22
Interior Designers £ 21.52 £ 44 766.35
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products £ 20.93 £ 43 538.87
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists £ 20.87 £ 43 412.81
Broadcast Technicians £ 20.84 £ 43 353.09
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Except Technical and Scientific Products £ 20.79 £ 43 246.93
Artists and Related Workers All Other £ 20.53 £ 42 696.23
Compensation Benefits and Job Analysis Specialists £ 20.49 £ 42 616.61
Wholesale and Retail Buyers Except Farm Products £ 20.46 £ 42 543.62
Human Resources Specialists £ 20.34 £ 42 291.49
Training and Development Specialists £ 20.30 £ 42 238.41
Electricians £ 20.26 £ 42 132.25
Broadcast News Analysts £ 20.19 £ 41 999.55
Logisticians £ 20.07 £ 41 740.79
Editors £ 19.92 £ 41 428.94
Technical Writers £ 19.73 £ 41 044.11
Credit Analysts £ 19.61 £ 40 798.62
Purchasing Agents Except Wholesale Retail and Farm Products £ 19.51 £ 40 573.03
Web Developers £ 19.35 £ 40 247.91
Public Relations Specialists £ 18.80 £ 39 106.69
Instructional Coordinators £ 18.79 £ 39 086.79
Demonstrators and Product Promoters £ 18.37 £ 38 210.97
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers £ 18.28 £ 38 025.19
Cost Estimators £ 18.25 £ 37 958.84
Computer Network Support Specialists £ 18.24 £ 37 932.30
Fundraisers £ 18.24 £ 37 932.30
Electrical and Electronics Repairers Commercial and Industrial Equipment £ 18.23 £ 37 925.66
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers £ 18.01 £ 37 467.85
First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers All Other £ 18.00 £ 37 447.94
Sales Representatives Services All Other £ 17.87 £ 37 175.91
Librarians £ 17.76 £ 36 943.68
Multimedia Artists and Animators £ 17.60 £ 36 611.93
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers £ 17.40 £ 36 187.29
Fine Artists Including Painters Sculptors and Illustrators £ 17.37 £ 36 127.58
Meeting Convention and Event Planners £ 16.95 £ 35 245.12
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants £ 16.67 £ 34 674.51
Industrial Machinery Mechanics £ 16.44 £ 34 190.16
Writers and Authors £ 16.43 £ 34 176.89
Camera Operators Television Video and Motion Picture £ 16.43 £ 34 170.25
Machinists £ 16.38 £ 34 077.36
Audio and Video Equipment Technicians £ 16.27 £ 33 845.14
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators £ 16.03 £ 33 340.88
Computer User Support Specialists £ 16.00 £ 33 287.80
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers £ 15.59 £ 32 418.61
Commercial and Industrial Designers £ 15.57 £ 32 392.07
Advertising Sales Agents £ 15.39 £ 32 007.24
Designers All Other £ 14.98 £ 31 144.69
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists £ 14.88 £ 30 932.37
Interpreters and Translators £ 14.85 £ 30 879.29
Securities Commodities and Financial Services Sales Agents £ 14.68 £ 30 521.00
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists £ 14.57 £ 30 308.68
Archivists £ 14.20 £ 29 532.39
Media and Communication Equipment Workers All Other £ 14.05 £ 29 233.81
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers Laborers and Material Movers Hand £ 14.00 £ 29 121.02
Media and Communication Workers All Other £ 13.95 £ 29 021.49
Graphic Designers £ 13.87 £ 28 842.35
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers £ 13.83 £ 28 756.09
Maintenance Workers Machinery £ 13.79 £ 28 676.47
Production Planning and Expediting Clerks £ 13.77 £ 28 643.30
Statistical Assistants £ 13.32 £ 27 714.40
Computer Operators £ 13.28 £ 27 614.87
Photographers £ 13.12 £ 27 303.03
Maintenance and Repair Workers General £ 13.08 £ 27 203.50
Reporters and Correspondents £ 12.95 £ 26 931.47
Credit Authorizers Checkers and Clerks £ 12.87 £ 26 758.96
Human Resources Assistants Except Payroll and Timekeeping £ 12.85 £ 26 719.15
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks £ 12.77 £ 26 559.91
Procurement Clerks £ 12.53 £ 26 062.28
Inspectors Testers Sorters Samplers and Weighers £ 12.49 £ 25 982.66
Bill and Account Collectors £ 12.30 £ 25 584.56
Production Workers All Other £ 12.16 £ 25 285.99
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators £ 11.84 £ 24 622.49
Printing Press Operators £ 11.80 £ 24 556.14
Desktop Publishers £ 11.45 £ 23 813.02
Prepress Technicians and Workers £ 11.43 £ 23 779.84
Bookkeeping Accounting and Auditing Clerks £ 11.42 £ 23 746.67
Sales and Related Workers All Other £ 11.39 £ 23 673.68
Library Technicians £ 11.32 £ 23 547.62
Correspondence Clerks £ 11.29 £ 23 481.27
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive £ 11.22 £ 23 335.30
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators £ 10.89 £ 22 665.16
File Clerks £ 10.86 £ 22 598.81
Dispatchers Except Police Fire and Ambulance £ 10.85 £ 22 572.27
Proofreaders and Copy Markers £ 10.76 £ 22 386.49
Radio and Television Announcers £ 10.72 £ 22 293.60
Material Moving Workers All Other £ 10.70 £ 22 260.43
Customer Service Representatives £ 10.68 £ 22 220.62
Office Machine Operators Except Computer £ 10.49 £ 21 815.88
Billing and Posting Clerks £ 10.45 £ 21 736.26
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 10.40 £ 21 623.47
Information and Record Clerks All Other £ 9.95 £ 20 707.84
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers £ 9.88 £ 20 541.96
Shipping Receiving and Traffic Clerks £ 9.77 £ 20 329.64
Assemblers and Fabricators All Other £ 9.57 £ 19 911.64
Print Binding and Finishing Workers £ 9.54 £ 19 845.29
Retail Salespersons £ 9.40 £ 19 559.98
Security Guards £ 9.37 £ 19 493.63
Office and Administrative Support Workers All Other £ 9.36 £ 19 467.09
Data Entry Keyers £ 9.29 £ 19 327.76
Office Clerks General £ 9.28 £ 19 294.58
Order Clerks £ 9.20 £ 19 128.71
Telemarketers £ 9.12 £ 18 976.10
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers £ 9.00 £ 18 710.70
Weighers Measurers Checkers and Samplers Recordkeeping £ 8.96 £ 18 650.99
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders £ 8.74 £ 18 166.63
Paper Goods Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 8.70 £ 18 100.28
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators Except Postal Service £ 8.58 £ 17 841.52
Library Assistants Clerical £ 8.57 £ 17 808.34
Receptionists and Information Clerks £ 8.52 £ 17 722.09
Switchboard Operators Including Answering Service £ 8.49 £ 17 662.37
Driver/Sales Workers £ 8.43 £ 17 536.31
Janitors and Cleaners Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners £ 8.23 £ 17 105.03
Word Processors and Typists £ 8.21 £ 17 071.86
Couriers and Messengers £ 8.13 £ 16 905.98
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand £ 7.97 £ 16 580.87
Machine Feeders and Offbearers £ 7.72 £ 16 050.07
Door-to-Door Sales Workers News and Street Vendors and Related Workers £ 7.56 £ 15 731.59
Tour Guides and Escorts £ 7.23 £ 15 041.55
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment £ 7.17 £ 14 902.21
Cashiers £ 6.95 £ 14 451.03
Helpers--Production Workers £ 6.84 £ 14 232.08
Packers and Packagers Hand £ 6.65 £ 13 827.34
Health and Safety Engineers Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors £ 0.00 £ 0.00
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