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Printing(印刷)

The Printing sector prints products, such as newspapers, books, labels, business cards, stationery, business forms, and other materials, and perform support activities, such as data imaging, platemaking services, and bookbinding. The support activities included here are an integral part of the printing industry, and a product (a printing plate, a bound book, or a computer disk or file) that is an integral part of the printing industry is almost always provided by these operations. Processes used in printing include a variety of methods used to transfer an image from a plate, screen, film, or computer file to some medium, such as paper, plastics, metal, textile articles, or wood. The most prominent of these methods is to transfer the image from a plate or screen to the medium (lithographic, gravure, screen, and flexographic printing). A rapidly growing new technology uses a computer file to directly "drive" the printing mechanism to create the image and new electrostatic and other types of equipment (digital or nonimpact printing).

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总就业人数相关人数

Printing Press Operators 100,810
Customer Service Representatives 45,840
Print Binding and Finishing Workers 43,420
Prepress Technicians and Workers 24,720
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Except Technical and Scientific Products 20,130
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 17,810
Graphic Designers 16,290
Helpers--Production Workers 16,190
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 11,850
General and Operations Managers 11,170
Office Clerks General 9,840
Shipping Receiving and Traffic Clerks 9,490
Accountants and Auditors 8,880
Machine Feeders and Offbearers 8,620
Packers and Packagers Hand 8,580
Bookkeeping Accounting and Auditing Clerks 7,530
Sales Representatives Services All Other 7,400
Business Operations Specialists All Other 7,000
Billing and Posting Clerks 6,540
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand 6,120
Paper Goods Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 6,110
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 6,070
Computer Occupations All Other 5,980
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 4,960
Production Workers All Other 4,880
Inspectors Testers Sorters Samplers and Weighers 4,850
Production Planning and Expediting Clerks 4,720
Team Assemblers 4,710
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive 4,170
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators Except Postal Service 3,980
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 3,930
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 3,870
Cost Estimators 3,850
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,490
Maintenance and Repair Workers General 3,450
Sewing Machine Operators 3,310
Chief Executives 2,960
Order Clerks 2,780
Desktop Publishers 2,590
Office Machine Operators Except Computer 2,310
Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,020
Janitors and Cleaners Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,920
Purchasing Agents Except Wholesale Retail and Farm Products 1,830
Industrial Machinery Mechanics 1,820
Computer Systems Analysts 1,720
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers Laborers and Material Movers Hand 1,660
Retail Salespersons 1,410
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders 1,360
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators 1,330
Computer User Support Specialists 1,270
Computer Programmers 1,250
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 1,080
Data Entry Keyers 1,060
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 1,060
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,050
Etchers and Engravers 1,030
Counter and Rental Clerks 970
Engineers All Other 960
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 940
Electrical and Electronics Repairers Commercial and Industrial Equipment 930
Bill and Account Collectors 870
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 840
Industrial Engineers 800
Couriers and Messengers 750
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 710
Art Directors 690
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products 660
Cutting Punching and Press Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 630
Computer Operators 620
Cutters and Trimmers Hand 580
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics Installers and Repairers 570
Assemblers and Fabricators All Other 560
Compliance Officers 560
Software Developers Applications 540
Advertising Sales Agents 540
Switchboard Operators Including Answering Service 530
Logisticians 510
Human Resources Specialists 500
Maintenance Workers Machinery 450
Textile Apparel and Furnishings Workers All Other 420
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 390
Compensation Benefits and Job Analysis Specialists 390
File Clerks 380
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 370
Textile Cutting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 350
Office and Administrative Support Workers All Other 310
Tailors Dressmakers and Custom Sewers 300
Management Analysts 290
Pressers Textile Garment and Related Materials 270
Extruding Forming Pressing and Compacting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 270
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 260
Computer Network Architects 260
Mechanical Engineers 240
Coating Painting and Spraying Machine Setters Operators and Tenders 230
Machinists 220
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 210
Molding Coremaking and Casting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 200
Commercial and Industrial Designers 200
Web Developers 200
Financial Analysts 200
Database Administrators 200
Financial Specialists All Other 200
Tool and Die Makers 190
Editors 190
Electricians 180
Human Resources Assistants Except Payroll and Timekeeping 170
Hoist and Winch Operators 170
Software Developers Systems Software 170
Driver/Sales Workers 160
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians 150
Telemarketers 150
Training and Development Specialists 140
Weighers Measurers Checkers and Samplers Recordkeeping 110
Computer Automated Teller and Office Machine Repairers 110
Procurement Clerks 110
Security Guards 90
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 90
Fine Artists Including Painters Sculptors and Illustrators 90
Industrial Engineering Technicians 80
Multimedia Artists and Animators 70
Computer Network Support Specialists 70
Cashiers 70
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 60
Painting Coating and Decorating Workers 60
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers Metal and Plastic 60
Artists and Related Workers All Other 50
Wholesale and Retail Buyers Except Farm Products 50
Photographers 40
Budget Analysts 40
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 40
Operations Research Analysts 40
Heat Treating Equipment Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic 40
Cleaning Washing and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 40
Public Relations Specialists 40
Credit Analysts 30
Information and Record Clerks All Other 30
Dispatchers Except Police Fire and Ambulance 30
Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 30
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职业名平均年薪平均时薪

Chief Executives £ 56.89 £ 118 335.23
General and Operations Managers £ 34.69 £ 72 148.99
Software Developers Systems Software £ 31.16 £ 64 817.32
Computer Network Architects £ 27.06 £ 56 271.44
Software Developers Applications £ 25.85 £ 53 763.41
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers £ 24.86 £ 51 706.56
Database Administrators £ 23.57 £ 49 026.02
Financial Analysts £ 23.51 £ 48 913.22
Mechanical Engineers £ 23.38 £ 48 627.92
Engineers All Other £ 23.22 £ 48 296.17
Management Analysts £ 22.78 £ 47 387.17
Computer Systems Analysts £ 22.57 £ 46 955.90
Financial Specialists All Other £ 22.55 £ 46 889.55
Industrial Engineers £ 22.47 £ 46 750.21
Network and Computer Systems Administrators £ 21.92 £ 45 602.36
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Except Technical and Scientific Products £ 21.71 £ 45 157.81
Computer Programmers £ 21.03 £ 43 744.56
Computer Occupations All Other £ 20.99 £ 43 645.03
Sales Representatives Wholesale and Manufacturing Technical and Scientific Products £ 20.80 £ 43 260.20
Sales Representatives Services All Other £ 20.75 £ 43 154.04
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics Installers and Repairers £ 20.67 £ 43 001.44
Accountants and Auditors £ 20.56 £ 42 755.94
Art Directors £ 20.36 £ 42 344.57
Logisticians £ 19.92 £ 41 442.21
Business Operations Specialists All Other £ 19.87 £ 41 329.42
Operations Research Analysts £ 19.29 £ 40 135.12
Advertising Sales Agents £ 19.12 £ 39 756.92
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists £ 19.10 £ 39 723.75
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists £ 18.80 £ 39 106.69
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians £ 18.63 £ 38 748.40
Human Resources Specialists £ 18.58 £ 38 662.15
Compensation Benefits and Job Analysis Specialists £ 18.54 £ 38 562.62
Web Developers £ 18.27 £ 37 985.38
Compliance Officers £ 17.95 £ 37 341.78
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers £ 17.91 £ 37 262.16
Electricians £ 17.88 £ 37 189.18
Commercial and Industrial Designers £ 17.72 £ 36 844.16
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers £ 17.41 £ 36 220.47
Credit Analysts £ 17.32 £ 36 021.42
Cost Estimators £ 17.07 £ 35 497.25
Computer Network Support Specialists £ 16.65 £ 34 647.97
Purchasing Agents Except Wholesale Retail and Farm Products £ 16.58 £ 34 495.37
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers £ 16.50 £ 34 316.22
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators £ 16.36 £ 34 030.92
Electrical and Electronics Repairers Commercial and Industrial Equipment £ 16.19 £ 33 672.63
Training and Development Specialists £ 15.87 £ 33 015.76
Computer User Support Specialists £ 15.70 £ 32 657.47
Wholesale and Retail Buyers Except Farm Products £ 15.69 £ 32 630.93
Public Relations Specialists £ 15.39 £ 32 013.88
Artists and Related Workers All Other £ 15.34 £ 31 914.35
Industrial Engineering Technicians £ 15.19 £ 31 595.87
Photographers £ 15.18 £ 31 582.60
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers £ 15.11 £ 31 423.36
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers Laborers and Material Movers Hand £ 14.96 £ 31 104.88
Multimedia Artists and Animators £ 14.82 £ 30 826.21
Budget Analysts £ 14.78 £ 30 739.96
Production Planning and Expediting Clerks £ 14.73 £ 30 633.80
Industrial Machinery Mechanics £ 14.58 £ 30 315.32
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers Metal and Plastic £ 14.31 £ 29 757.98
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants £ 14.31 £ 29 751.34
Maintenance Workers Machinery £ 14.17 £ 29 479.31
Tool and Die Makers £ 13.85 £ 28 802.54
Maintenance and Repair Workers General £ 13.62 £ 28 324.82
Computer Automated Teller and Office Machine Repairers £ 13.35 £ 27 767.48
Dispatchers Except Police Fire and Ambulance £ 12.94 £ 26 911.56
Desktop Publishers £ 12.88 £ 26 792.13
Computer Operators £ 12.67 £ 26 360.86
Prepress Technicians and Workers £ 12.67 £ 26 354.22
Machinists £ 12.54 £ 26 082.19
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks £ 12.46 £ 25 916.31
Fine Artists Including Painters Sculptors and Illustrators £ 12.45 £ 25 883.14
Graphic Designers £ 12.34 £ 25 670.82
Hoist and Winch Operators £ 12.29 £ 25 558.02
Human Resources Assistants Except Payroll and Timekeeping £ 12.23 £ 25 431.96
Customer Service Representatives £ 12.14 £ 25 239.54
Editors £ 12.06 £ 25 073.67
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers £ 11.75 £ 24 436.71
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 11.62 £ 24 164.67
Bill and Account Collectors £ 11.60 £ 24 138.13
Printing Press Operators £ 11.56 £ 24 045.24
Procurement Clerks £ 11.42 £ 23 753.30
Bookkeeping Accounting and Auditing Clerks £ 11.34 £ 23 580.79
Proofreaders and Copy Markers £ 11.06 £ 23 003.55
Information and Record Clerks All Other £ 11.03 £ 22 950.47
Billing and Posting Clerks £ 10.81 £ 22 486.02
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators £ 10.72 £ 22 293.60
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 10.54 £ 21 935.31
Paper Goods Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 10.54 £ 21 935.31
Etchers and Engravers £ 10.28 £ 21 384.61
Order Clerks £ 10.28 £ 21 384.61
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Except Legal Medical and Executive £ 10.20 £ 21 225.37
Office and Administrative Support Workers All Other £ 10.17 £ 21 165.65
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators £ 10.06 £ 20 920.16
Print Binding and Finishing Workers £ 10.05 £ 20 913.52
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders £ 10.05 £ 20 906.89
Pressers Textile Garment and Related Materials £ 10.03 £ 20 847.17
Shipping Receiving and Traffic Clerks £ 9.93 £ 20 648.12
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders £ 9.91 £ 20 614.95
Inspectors Testers Sorters Samplers and Weighers £ 9.83 £ 20 442.44
Cutting Punching and Press Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 9.73 £ 20 250.02
Extruding Forming Pressing and Compacting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 9.70 £ 20 183.67
Assemblers and Fabricators All Other £ 9.64 £ 20 057.61
Coating Painting and Spraying Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 9.61 £ 19 977.99
Security Guards £ 9.56 £ 19 891.73
Retail Salespersons £ 9.43 £ 19 613.06
Office Machine Operators Except Computer £ 9.35 £ 19 440.55
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators Except Postal Service £ 9.34 £ 19 414.01
Data Entry Keyers £ 9.32 £ 19 394.11
Heat Treating Equipment Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 9.31 £ 19 360.93
Telemarketers £ 9.28 £ 19 307.85
Textile Cutting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders £ 9.28 £ 19 307.85
Driver/Sales Workers £ 9.28 £ 19 294.58
Weighers Measurers Checkers and Samplers Recordkeeping £ 9.28 £ 19 287.95
Cutters and Trimmers Hand £ 9.13 £ 18 982.74
Office Clerks General £ 9.08 £ 18 876.58
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers £ 9.02 £ 18 763.78
Textile Apparel and Furnishings Workers All Other £ 8.95 £ 18 617.81
Painting Coating and Decorating Workers £ 8.92 £ 18 551.46
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers £ 8.84 £ 18 378.95
Receptionists and Information Clerks £ 8.82 £ 18 332.51
Production Workers All Other £ 8.73 £ 18 153.36
Switchboard Operators Including Answering Service £ 8.69 £ 18 073.74
Molding Coremaking and Casting Machine Setters Operators and Tenders Metal and Plastic £ 8.68 £ 18 047.20
Cleaning Washing and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders £ 8.67 £ 18 033.93
Machine Feeders and Offbearers £ 8.43 £ 17 536.31
Laborers and Freight Stock and Material Movers Hand £ 8.43 £ 17 529.67
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment £ 8.40 £ 17 469.96
Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners £ 8.35 £ 17 363.80
File Clerks £ 8.30 £ 17 264.27
Counter and Rental Clerks £ 8.29 £ 17 237.73
Team Assemblers £ 8.23 £ 17 124.94
Helpers--Production Workers £ 8.06 £ 16 766.65
Janitors and Cleaners Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners £ 7.93 £ 16 494.61
Couriers and Messengers £ 7.92 £ 16 481.34
Sewing Machine Operators £ 7.88 £ 16 388.45
Tailors Dressmakers and Custom Sewers £ 7.75 £ 16 116.42
Packers and Packagers Hand £ 7.31 £ 15 200.79
Cashiers £ 6.36 £ 13 230.19
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